|Spring has been a busy period for hydrogen fueling stations, with five stations recently opening worldwide.|
|Hydrogen stations are springing up everywhere!|
|Sandra Curtin, www.fuelcells.org|
In April 2007, the second hydrogen station in Nevada opened at the Las Vegas Valley Water District's main campus. The station generates hydrogen onsite, using solar-generated energy to drive the electrolysis generators. The station will be used to fuel several Water District vehicles that have been retrofitted to operate on hydrogen.
Also in April, Illinois' first hydrogen station opened at the Gas Technology Institute in Des Plaines. The station is publicly accessible by arrangement, with credit card access. The facility is capable of producing hydrogen from natural gas, ethanol, or electrolysis of water, and in the future, could produce hydrogen from the gasification of coal or biomass. The project was funded by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Gas Technology Institute (GTI).
Chevron and Southern California Edison (SCE) opened a hydrogen station at SCE's headquarters in Rosemead, California in May 2007. An alkaline electrolyzer is used to produce the hydrogen onsite. The station serves a small demonstration fleet of Kia and Hyundai hydrogen fuel cell vehicles operated by SCE meter readers. The Chevron Hydrogen energy station is one of up to six stations that Chevron plans to build and operate under a DOE contract.
A mobile Linde hydrogen station was also placed in service in May at Hamburg, Germany's airport. The station will fuel two fuel cell tractors and a people-carrier at the airport. Since the vehicles operate at different pressures (the tractor at 350 bar and the people-carrier at 200 bar), two separate hydrogen tapping systems are provided.
Finally, Norsk Hydro opened its first hydrogen station - the second hydrogen station in Denmark - in June near the Norsk Hydro Research Center in the city of Porsgrunn. The station will be part of a planned 360-mile Hydrogen Road located between Oslo and Stavanger. Nine Toyota Priuses, modified by Quantum Technologies to operate on hydrogen fuel, have been delivered to the site. Hydrogen for the station is being delivered via an undersea gas pipeline from a nearby petrochemicals plant, connecting the station directly to the source of by-product hydrogen production.
This is definitely a great start to the year, but there are still 13 additional hydrogen stations anticipated to debut before the end of 2007! Ten of the planned stations will be located in California, where the state is establishing a network of hydrogen fueling stations along the state's freeways and urban centers. The new stations will be located at:
Also in the U.S., the University of Texas, Austin, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and Gas Technology Institute will debut a hydrogen station in summer 2007 that will support operation of a fuel cell-hybrid bus.
Outside the U.S., several international hydrogen stations are presently under development. São Paulo, Brazil will soon begin operating a small fleet of fuel cell-powered buses that will be fueled at a hydrogen station provided by Hydrogenics Corp. Hydrogen will be produced on-site using an electrolyzer. In Munich, Germany, the first of three BMW Group/TOTAL hydrogen fueling stations will debut by the end of 2007 near the BMW Research and Innovation Center. The publicly-accessible station will feature Germany's first underground liquid hydrogen storage tank. The station will also offer both gas and diesel fuels.
At least 50 additional hydrogen stations are planned in the next few years in the U.S., Canada, China, Denmark, India, Italy, Norway, Spain and Sweden. If you would like to stay up-to-date with hydrogen station openings, or view the listing of currently operable stations, be sure to check out Fuel Cell 2000's frequently-updated Worldwide Hydrogen Fueling Stations chart at: http://www.fuelcells.org/info/charts/h2fuelingstations.pdf