Simulation of Power Flow and Protection of a Limited Bus Grid System with Injected Solar Power

Read this Green Article: ABSTRACT In recent years, injection of renewable energy such as solar power into the power grid is increasing. However, inclusion of large-scale intermittent-type renewable energy requires better man....

1. Introduction

In recent years, many countries have largely deployed renewable technologies and mostly, allow distributed power generation at the low-voltage distribution network [1]. With large-scale emergence of intermittent-type of renewable energy such as solar power on the grid system, it becomes a challenge to the grid operators to properly manage the grid system operation [2]. The load flow pa-rameters and power flow direction on the grid system become more difficult to be predicted. Power flow changes from uni-directional power flow to bi-directional power flow [3]. Based on [4], the current conventional grid system is not ready for large-scale distributed gen-eration.
Under Malaysia's ninth development plan, renewable energies such as solar power were planned to be included in the grid system [5]. Malaysia is aiming to have mini-mum of 220 MW of solar power in the composition of energy mix by year 2020 [6]. With proper grid manage-ment, large-scale injection of solar power will benefit the grid system. The most promising way to ensure the reli-ability of the grid system after large-scale integration of on grid solar power is to identify the issues and solutions before implementation......

Featured Product

Lithium Ion Battery based Power Systems for Mobile Energy

Lithium Ion Battery based Power Systems for Mobile Energy


Get an efficient power supply system based on lithium technology and receive 12V/24V and 230V/50Hz simultaneously.

The Clayton Power lithium battery system can be charged from the mains via a G3 Combi - inverter/charger, an alternator while driving or from other power sources.

Our lithium ion batteries can be connected in parallel to achieve scalable power capacity and output. Connect more inverters or inverter/chargers to get a greater 230V output and even faster charging times.

Combined Inverter/Chargers
The G3 Combi - Inverter/Charger series, is a combined 230V power supply and intelligent multi charger in one compact unit.

Lithium Ion Batteries
Built-in Battery Management System. 12V and 24V - 100Ah. Scalable up to 2000Ah.

+ Powerful + Low weight + Long lifetime + Fast charging


Clayton Power | Lithium Battery Systems for Mobile, Off-Grid and Storage Solutions