By using Moringa MOMAX3 tree for biodiesel production and then utilizing the waste for further oil extraction. Using current proven sate of art agronomy, enhanced cultivator and technologies developed by ABC, the biodiesel from Moringa would be economically viable
Rising use of biodiesel in the fuel and power generation application segments have led to an increased demand for biodiesel globally. To date, food crops (corn, sugar, and vegetable oil) have been the primary source of biodiesels for transportation, but increased use of these fuels has created more problems than solutions: rising food prices and food price volatility, and accelerated expansion of agriculture in the tropics. This ABC analysis focuses on the 18 primary non-food sources of biodiesels —out of which seven namely Jatropha, Jojoba, Castor, Pongamia, Moringa, Simarouba and Microalgae have been tried, tested that adequate amount of each type of feedstock that could be sustainably produced and utilized across the globe without compromising the fertility of agricultural soils, displacing land needed to grow our food, or threatening the health of our farms and forests.
In the search for more environmentally friendly fuels, the use of Moringa oil as "Biodiesel" has proven to have technical and ecological benefits, and stands as an opportunity for agricultural development in arid and impoverished areas throughout the tropics and sub tropics globally. Besides reducing life-cycle emissions because of its high oil content (40%), relatively high crop yield and no competition with food crops.
Moringa as a source of biodiesel
The oil from the Moringa tree is a more sustainable biodiesel feedstock as it can yield both food and fuel. Among those searching for solutions to feed the hungry, Moringa is well known. Malnourished children flourish with the introduction of the nutritious Moringa leaf crop, which provides protein, vitamins and minerals in their diets.
The greatest potential for this species is currently thought to be in its cultivation for the production of biodiesel. Yields of about 20 metric tons of pods per hectare per year are achievable for this species. This would equate to between 3000 and 4000 liters of biodiesel per hectare per annum. It is particularly desirable because it is a very low water-use crop and may be cultivated on marginal land commercially
Moringa research and development
The Biodiesel Business Academy (BBA) of Advanced Biofuel Center (ABC) announced progress on its work with Moringa Oleifera, a Biodiesel producing shrub that bears valuable oilseeds. According to the BBA, it has developed a micro-cutting mass propagation technique using the plants developed through its MOMax3™improved seed product line and a set of best practices that will enable high oil yields.
ABC included Moringa Oleifera in its research portfolio on the basis of certain solid credentials: a higher recovery and quality of oil than other crops, no direct competition with food crops as it is a edible source of fuel, and no direct competition with existing farmland as can be grown for both purpose same, in year 2009.
ABC scientists are continuously working on enhanced genetics, agronomics and horticulture sciences to drive new varieties, more knowledge around the plant's nutritional requirements and more science-based processes for the care and custody of the plant and have achieved reliable and scalable results in Moringa energy farming.
ABC team's Moringa Oleifera work has resulted in evolution of new variety through scientific selection that will enable highly productive plantations of the crop to be grown. In April this year, a new Moringa variety named as MARU-MORINGA was introduced.
Maru Moringa: First yield starts in 4 to 6 months after plantation & gives commercial yield up to 10 Years. (Per year two seasons with better uniformity, improved self-branching, early flowering and higher productivity. ABC's elite Moringa Oleifera variety ‘Maru-Moringa (MOMax3™)' will yield at maturity as high as 3-4000 liters of oil per hectare, with proper nutrition and irrigation.
Enhanced cultivation technology
Even a superior genotype variety planted in inadequate soil and improperly cared for, will be unable to reach its potential and will create dissatisfied stakeholders. The ABC's goal is to triple Moringa yields within 10 years, increase the oil content to 48 per cent and in combination of other crops the target oil yield is 1500 gallon per ha. Further, to increase the quality of the oils and other products produced—while minimizing inputs including pesticides and fertilizers.
The years of continuous research, experiments and in cultivating and breeding of Moringa Oleifera and other biofuel crops, ABC was able to develop a systematic breeding and cultivar development strategy. Newly bred cultivars are extensively tested in multi-location trials and true to type seeds are being produced with high quality standard MOMax3™ Elite HYV Moringa Oleifera Improved Seeds
Through itsMOMax3™ improved seed product line, ABC provides growers the highest yielding, most uniform and profitable Moringa Oleifera in the world. Improved seeds result in greater yield, uniformity and vigor while significantly reducing Plantation costs for growers.MOMax3™improved varieties have been tested and developed for a range of climatic and soil conditions.
ABC's proprietary technology for the mass production of Moringa Oleifera plants from mini-cuttings obtained from the mother plant raised through MOMax3™ seed plants enables a significant production increase over traditional propagation methods.
• quickly scales large Moringa Oleifera projects with consistent, high yielding Moringa Oleifera.
• Facilitates production of the large volumes of low-cost crude Moringa Oleifera oil required by major energy, oil and transportation consumers.
• Requires 1/75ththe land needed to produce cloned plants by micro propagation, with the added benefits of HYV vigor, strong roots and overall improved plant health.
Life cycle analysis of biodiesel produced from Moringa showed that the greenhouse gases emissions were reduced by 90 per cent when compared to petroleum diesel. Given the widespread presence and ease of cultivation of the Moringa oil plant it could be cultivated in conjunction with subsistence agriculture programs as a potential oilseed feedstock for biodiesel.
Food v Fuel & Moringa
Globally, about 870 million people do not have enough to eat, and more than two billion suffer from micronutrient deficiency, according to United Nations (UN) food agencies. The Moringa tree is increasingly considered as one of the world's most valuable natural resources, as the main constituents of the tree have several nutritive ingredients. Its leaves, pods and flowers are considered good sources of vitamins A, B, B2, B3, B6 and C, folic acid, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, calcium, iron, and amino acids. More importantly, its leaves are highly nutritious; being a significant source of beta-carotene, vitamin C, protein, iron and potassium Arial. Moringa oleifera is an essential plant in meeting global food security and sustain the livelihoods of many millions of people.
Nanotechnology & Moringa
Nutrient-rich Moringa foods could play an important role in efforts to provide healthy diets for people around the world. Moringa could help ensure food security for people who are currently malnourished - a number that continues to increase despite international efforts, the bio-reduction of aqueous Ag+ ions by the plant extract of the Moringa oleifera leaf extract has been demonstrated. It can be also good source for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. This green chemistry approach towards the synthesis of silver nanoparticles has many advantages such as, ease with which the process can be scaled up, economic viability, etc. Applications of such eco-friendly nanoparticles in bactericidal, wound healing and other medical and electronic applications, makes this method potentially exciting for the large-scale synthesis
of other inorganic materials (nanomaterials).
Moringa as a source of biodiesel
The oil from the Moringa tree is a more sustainable biodiesel feedstock as it can yield both food and fuel. Among those searching for solutions to feed the hungry, Moringa is well known. Malnourished children flourish with the introduction of the nutritious Moringa leaf crop, which provides protein, vitamins and minerals in their diets. The greatest potential for this species is currently thought to be in its cultivation for the production of biodiesel. Yields of about 20 metric tonnes of pods per hectare per year are achievable for this species. This would equate to between 3000 and 4000 liters of biodiesel per hectare per annum. It is particularly desirable because it is a very low water-use crop and may be cultivated on marginal land commercially
Economics: Cost & benefit ratio
By using Moringa MOMAX3 tree for biodiesel production and then utilizing the waste for further oil extraction. Using current proven sate of art agronomy, enhanced cultivator and technologies developed by ABC, the biodiesel from Moringa would be economically viable. The Moringa Biodiesel can be produced less than US$ 34 per barrel without taking into account by-products revenue. If we credit the revenue from by-products like press cake, glycerin, leaves etc. biodiesel can be produced @ no cost, see detailed economics
ABC's knowledge arm BBA has identified the factors limiting the adoption and use of the Moringa Tree for Agricultural Development for Producing Biodiesel. Fifth International workshop on Moringa Production and application for Food and Fuel in Jaipur on 25-26 November 2017 will explore the important role Moringa play in the lives of rural people and the global economy discussing advancement of existing and future agricultural development projects. ABC's experience, expertise, and views about Moringa and its use for agriculture development for the purposes of reducing hunger and poverty shall be highlighted in the 5th Global Moringa Meet 2017. Aiming at promotion of the international exchange and cooperation in above mentioned fields 5th 2 day Global Moringa Meet shall provide new insight in the potentiality of this crop for future exploitation and formulate strategies for developing moringa failsafe farms and also helps new growers to have holistic information on moringa crop.
As seats are limited in 3rd Global moringa meet 2015, register now. One can contact Coordinator Programme on M +91 9829423333 or mail to sign up for the event early and secure your place without delay
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