Minster case study underlines need for program flexibility -- and patience
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Community solar capacity in the United States more than doubled between 2016 and 2017, from 347 megawatts (MW) at the end of 2016, to 734 MW at the end of 2017. At present, 228 utilities in 36 states have active community solar programs.
Those figures are part of the findings in a new report -- "Community Solar Program Design Models" -- from the Smart Electric Power Alliance (SEPA). The report is one of two recently released by SEPA, highlighting the growth -- and growing sophistication -- of community solar programs across the United States. The second report, "Value Stacking in Minster," is a SEPA case study focused on how one small town put a community solar project on hold in response to a key industrial customer's request for green power -- but continues to explore opportunities for a shared solar project.
In addition to providing current figures on the expansion of community solar, the "Design Models" report covers lessons learned from existing projects, and a basic "decision tree" tool aimed at helping utilities and other developers ask the right questions for successful projects. The report includes research findings developed in collaboration with the Coalition for Community Solar Access (CCSA).
Key takeaways include:
• In 2015, utilities administered 60 percent of all community solar programs, versus 40 percent for third-party organizations. That split has since flipped. Third parties now account for 67 percent of community solar programs, versus about 33 percent for utilities.
• The average subscription rate for community solar projects is 83 percent; with subscription rates for third party-owned community solar over 90 percent. Subscription success depends on a range of program design elements, but a project's financial value proposition remains a major driver.
• Utilities are starting to explore the use of community-scale, distributed solar as a grid asset for improved reliability and grid support services. In Minster, a community-based project combining solar and storage has allowed the town to generate four separate value streams from a single project.
• Many of the community solar projects in service are targeted at low-to-moderate income customers, renters and residential customers who live in multifamily buildings. In the past, these customers have been unable to access the benefits of solar because they don't own their roofs, or if they do, their roofs cannot support solar.
"Despite community solar's rapid growth, these shared projects constitute just over 1 percent of the total U.S. solar market," said Dan Chwastyk, SEPA's Program Manager for community solar programs. "However, we see continued growth ahead because community solar is such a flexible business model, allowing utilities and third-party developers to customize offerings based on local markets and customer interests. Our research and case studies show that the more tuned-in to their customers utilities are, the more innovative and successful their programs become."
"Community solar is growing exponentially," said Jeff Cramer, Executive Director of CCSA. "As this report demonstrates, the vast majority of community solar projects are either sold out or close to it. While we're thrilled to see the industry meet and beat its growth expectations, and see new community solar programs open across the country, still only a small fraction of American customers can choose solar today. We expect that to change, and community solar, at scale, to play a leading role."
"Community Solar Program Design Models" is available for download here; "Value Stacking in Minster" is available here.
Both reports were funded by the Department of Energy's Solar Market Pathways initiative.
The Smart Electric Power Alliance (SEPA) is an educational nonprofit working to facilitate the utility industry's transition to a clean energy future through education, research, standards and collaboration. SEPA offers a range of research initiatives and resources, as well as conferences, educational events and professional networking opportunities. SEPA is founder and co-sponsor of Solar Power International and winner of the Keystone Policy Center's 2016 Leadership in Energy Award. For more information, visit www.sepapower.org.