A succinct-analysis of the increasingly widely discussed alternative and renewable energy universe serves to bring the Phoenix "Hydrogen Economy" initiative (with its REPLACEMENT energy status) into its special perspective.
Phoenix Role in Prospective "Hydrogen Economy" - 2010 Outlook
Donald Moore | Phoenix International Energy Inc
Current press and industry rhetoric on climate change, global warming, toxic emission targets, greenhouse gases and environmental degradation ignores (except for the "Peak Oil" advocates) the inevitable, relatively near term (20 years? -- 30 years? -- does it matter?) depletion of the world's economic hydrocarbon energy resources.
Solar Power:Solar power generation is inherently limited by intermittent atmospheric conditions -- which obviously include non-productive night operations -- and by climatic conditions of overcast skies, snow, rain and dust -- all adversely reducing solar panel efficiency. Solar power generation also requires additional investment for standby power. Costly storage facilities, still not technically available, will also adversely impact economic feasibility. Solar power costs now exceed those for conventional electricity by upwards of 800%!
Wind Power:Wind power generation is also complicated by unpredictable atmospheric conditions, including intermittent and directionally-changing air movements. The visual blights (and noise effects on health) are environmental handicaps of wind power installations that limit their optimum operating locations. Investments required for essential standby power and storage capabilities (note yet available) will adversely impact each system's economic feasibility. Again, we see wind power costs upwards of 400% above those from conventional energies.
Biofuels (including Ethanol):Edible crop biofuels consume essential agricultural commodities and generate unacceptable food price inflation -- before accounting for the input costs of fertilizers, planting, harvesting, storage, processing, transport and infrastructure. Ethanol-based fuels operate with a negative energy balance (more input than output) and are very corrosive in their handling, storage, transport, and in combustion. Waste sources of biomass are comparably subject to costly collection and handling and for the processing of the raw material components with very costly enzymes.
Algae:Due to algae's sensitivity to temperatures, and its extensive land and nutrition requirements, authoritative reports now indicate that useable algae energy production can now cost upwards of $25 per gallon of algae fuel. Also questionable is the feasibility of future continuous algae production vs. algae's current uneconomic batch processing.
Coal and Nuclear:Though currently considered as prime conventional energy resources, coal and nuclear are also recognized as environmentally degrading and/or dangerous in their commercial operations. The nuclear power option must still resolve the substantial costs and dangers of routine power plant operations -- not the least of which is the problem of providing the minimum of secure "1,000-year; plus (?)" storage for the spent uranium nuclear fuel.
Financial Subsidies; Government and Taxpayer-Funded:All alternative and renewable energy options, without exception, now require massive, longer term, government and taxpayer/consumer subsidies to establish, compete in and maintain their market position. This is a major "assist" for opening all energy markets to the low cost, virtually inexhaustible, reserves of environmentally pristine hydrogen energy as the REPLACEMENT for all current and foreseeable alternatives and renewables.
Phoenix plans for a leading role in the future "Hydrogen Economy" -- following the milestone grants of two U.S. Patents -- No. 7,122,171 (October 2006) and No. 7,582,584 (September 2009) -- which extend intellectual property protection to the complete range of the Company's hydrogen production system elements, materials and components. Phoenix International Energy Inc., the Company's U.S. subsidiary, holds worldwide exclusivity for its unique and innovative hydrogen gas production system under an agreement with a major U.S. technical research university which extends for 20 years beyond the 17-year term of the last patent issued under the accord. The U.S. Patent grants confirm that the rigorous pre-patent examination process disclosed no "prior art" that conflicts with the Company's proprietary "foundation" technology covering the light-powered generation of low cost hydrogen gas from an ordinary water feedstock. Phoenix has also filed for provisional U.S. and international patents pending covering the compounding of hydrogen gas with captured carbon emissions to produce the full range of conventional liquid transportation fuels (synfuels) from light-end jet fuel and kerosene, mid-range gasoline, and through heavy-end diesel oil products. The proprietary Phoenix synfuel technology may play a central role in the development of practical carbon capture and sequestration (or "recycling") systems.
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