Reduced wind turbine maintenance with new carbon brush holder

An innovative carbon brush holder, set to reduce maintenance costs for doubly fed generators in wind turbines, will be introduced by Carbex at the AWEA WINDPOWER 2013 exhibition in Chicago, May 5 - 8 (stand no. 1011).

The Carbex V-type brush holder ensures that all the carbon brushes push against the slip ring with equal force, preventing uneven wear and premature brush replacement. This also reduces electrical and mechanical losses, lowering the temperature of the carbon brushes and improving their lubricating properties. In addition, remote monitoring is simplified, as only one switch per phase is required.

A traditional brush holder set-up includes a number of brushes that are fitted around the slip ring and adjusted individually. Brushes typically wear unevenly as each has different pressure against the slip ring.

The V-type holder eliminates these variations. The brushes are fitted and locked into posi-tion in single brush pockets. Through equal load on all carbon brushes, and lower tem-perature, the V-type holder gives longer life to the brushes, resulting in longer service in-tervals. This can mean substantial savings on maintenance, as visits to remote locations can be very costly, particularly in offshore applications.

The design of the V-type holder simplifies fitting and facilitates service, saving time while on site. The compact holder is located just inside the inspection hatch of the slip ring com-partment for easy access. Only one adjustment is required for the holder. There is no need to adjust the angle and contact surface of the individual brushes.

The Carbex V-type holder is patent-pending in the US, EU and China. It is available for all common designs of doubly fed generators in the market. The design is modified for the re-quirements of each OEM to fit the existing bolt holes in the shield. The metal parts are ma-chined, unlike traditional brush holders, which normally have cast metal parts. This means tooling costs are eliminated for the OEM. The V-type holder is designed to offer the lowest life cycle cost possible, from the factory to service on site.

Carbex is one of the longest established companies in the industry, founded in 1887. It is a world-leading manufacturer of carbon brushes for advanced applications. As early as 1903, the company applied for its first US patent, relating to high-resistance brushes with added bronze, under the name Bronskol. Slip rings with carbon brushes are used for transferring power between the rotating and the stationary parts of the structure on all doubly fed generators, the most common type of wind power generator.

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