Over the past 12 months, global investment in nuclear fusion has increased significantly, stoking expectations of a breakthrough in clean energy technologies. According to recent industry statistics, the sector received more investment last year than it did during the preceding ten years put together.
The global nuclear fusion market is poised to grow at a noteworthy CAGR in the near future.
Nuclear fusion is the reaction between at least two or more atomic nuclei that results in the formation of subatomic particles like the proton and neutron as well as one or more other atomic nuclei. The amount of mass present between reactants and products determines whether energy is absorbed or released. The atomic nuclei's nuclear binding energies differ before and after the reaction, which is why there is a change in mass. Nuclear fusion generates a significant quantity of energy, which powers main-sequence stars, active stars, and other high-magnitude stars. In order to generate energy from fusion on earth, a mixture of hydrogen gases, such as deuterium and tritium, is cooked to a temperature of over 100 million degrees Celsius. As the gas changes into a plasma and the nuclei combine to produce a helium nucleus and a neutron, a very small part of the mass is converted into "fusion" energy. A plasma with millions of these reactions every second can generate a sizable amount of energy from incredibly small amounts of fuel.
According to the technology used, magnetic confinement has dominated the market in recent years and will do so in the years to come. The use of ecologically friendly electrical solutions is becoming more and more popular, which helps the market grow. Magnetic confinement technology is a very enticing energy source because it does not emit greenhouse gases, highly harmful pollutants, or highly radioactive chemicals. In contrast, inertial confinement fusion primarily produces power and has been used in the military for studying the physics of weapons and simulating their effects. According to the Global Science Gateway, inertial fusion research's science and technology have found direct commercial applications and have enabled steady progress toward the realization of fusion explosion.
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Future of the Nuclear Fusion Market
- Applications for the technology must be developed, the cost of development must be appealing to investors in order to justify constructing the factories and supply chains necessary to scale them up, customers must want to purchase them, and there must be a sufficient supply to meet rising demand. Only then will new technologies be able to capture market share.
- For fusion, this means considering end-uses that profit from a constant supply of power and heat in addition to electricity production. Hydrogen synthesis, water desalination, direct air CO2 collection, and the creation of chemicals and electro-fuels are some uses for fusion energy. Start thinking and creating fusion energy applications right now so that the industry can expand quickly.
Expanding Market for Nuclear Fusion to Provide Electricity
As reported by the UN. For many years, there has been a difference between the growth in ultimate energy demand and the growth in power consumption. The primary cause of the increase in power demand is the rising electrification of end users, including transportation, space cooling, large appliances, ICT, and other sectors.
In the coming years, rapid urbanization will coexist with global population growth and economic expansion, which will greatly increase the need for energy. By 2050, there will be 9.7 billion people on the planet, up from 7.6 billion in 2017. There are now more than a billion people who have access to energy. More than 11% of the world's population still lacks access, especially in rural areas, despite considerable advancements in the energy sector across a variety of geographies. Several studies have shown that nuclear energy is often a low-emitting means of generating electricity. It also produces among the least quantities of carbon dioxide equivalent per unit of energy produced in terms of total life-cycle emissions. It is clear that the globe needs new generating capacity to meet the expanding demand for energy in many countries and to replace outmoded fossil fuel facilities, notably coal-fired ones that emit high volumes of carbon dioxide. A total of 63% of the power utilized worldwide in 2019 was generated by the burning of fossil fuels.
Factors Limiting the Nuclear Fusion Market
The extremely low global output of tritium as well as the loss from radioactive decay place restrictions on its availability throughout the world.
According to estimates, the cost of an ITER-based power plant would be ten times more than that of nuclear fission facilities, which are thought to be too expensive for continuous use in the U.S. A power station based on ITER, for instance, would be around 30 times more expensive than a nuclear fission power plant if the ITER cost around $65 billion. In addition, Canada's heavy-water nuclear reactors are the world's largest source of tritium. Tritium production is thus exceedingly low on a global scale, and it is also lost owing to radioactive decay, which limits supplies globally. Therefore, the initial cost of building a nuclear power plant together with the necessary resources is rather high, which can act as a potential barrier on the market for nuclear fusion during the anticipated years.
Global Nuclear Fusion Market by Technology Insight (2030-2040)
Magnetic confinement is predicted to be the largest revenue-generating segment and will increase at the fastest rate over the forecast period. It is anticipated to be worth $344.24 billion in 2030 and $623.07 billion by the end of 2040, growing at a 6.1% CAGR over that time (2030-2040).
The two nuclear fusion processes under study at the moment are inertial confinement and magnetic confinement. Using ion or laser beams, inertial confinement devices compress deuterium tritium fuel pellets to extraordinarily high densities. When a crucial threshold is reached, the shock wave heating ignites the pellet. This method might be used to create a fusion power plant that could ignite fuel pellets several times per second. The steam produced by the heat is then used to power energy-generating turbines.
Electromagnets are used in magnetic confinement systems to keep the plasma fuel contained. The tokamak device, one of the most promising options, contains the plasma in a container that resembles a doughnut. A powerful electric current is passed across the plasma, which increases its temperature.
Global Nuclear Fusion Market by Fuel Insight (2030-2040)
Deuterium/tritium is predicted to have the most income and expand at the fastest rate throughout the projection period. It is projected to be worth $350.62 billion in 2030 and $647.35 billion by the end of 2040, growing at a 6.3% CAGR over that time (2030-2040).
The hydrogen isotopes protium, deuterium, and tritium have all been studied as fuels for fusion power. Helium-3, an isotope of helium that is so rare on Earth that it would have to be mined from space or created through other nuclear processes, is required for the deuterium and helium-3 reaction. The protium/boron-11 combination can yield side reactions, but it does not directly produce neutrons, which is why researchers want to use it in the future. The main fuels for nuclear fusion are the heavier isotopes of hydrogen deuterium and tritium. Only 0.0153% of natural hydrogen is deuterium, a trace element that is easily and cheaply produced from seawater. Lithium, which occurs naturally in large quantities, can be used to create tritium.
Regional Structure of the Global Nuclear Fusion Market
The market for nuclear fusion is expected to be worth $471.99 billion globally in 2030 and $843.46 billion by the year 2040, expanding at a CAGR of 6.0% throughout that time. Europe is anticipated to have the highest revenue share and the fastest increase over the projection period. It is anticipated to be worth $168.50 billion in 2030 and $310.27 billion in 2040, with a CAGR of 6.3% throughout that period.
Fusion energy research is at the forefront in Europe. In the second part of this century, nuclear fusion might overtake other energy sources, and Europe is well-positioned to take the lead if its resources are properly controlled. On October 9th, a brand-new program called EURO fusion, which will coordinate fusion research across Europe will be formally introduced. Over the course of the forecast, the North American area is anticipated to overtake Europe as the second-largest nuclear fusion market region. The development of this area is credited to the existence of numerous public and commercial groups that are actively working to advance fusion power research and increase investments in the construction of new power facilities. The entry of new competitors joining the market is likely to contribute significantly to the Asia Pacific region's growth over the forecast period. According to projections, the Asia Pacific area will increase as a result of the increasing penetration of new fusion energy start-ups. Markets in the LAMEA area are anticipated to increase steadily during the projection period. The LAMEA area is geared up for nuclear fusion technology and committed to outperforming its competitors on the world stage.
Prominent Market Participants in the Nuclear Fusion Market
The nuclear fusion market is extremely fragmented, with a large number of businesses active both domestically and internationally. Companies are constantly working to introduce new, creative technologies and solutions, which are helping this market grow. Leading market participants are concentrating on creating and releasing new technologies and products, as well as developing strategic collaborations to increase their product portfolios and market presence in the nuclear fusion space. Zap Energy Inc., First Light Fusion Ltd, General Fusion, TAE Technologies, Inc., Commonwealth Fusion Systems, Tokamak Energy Ltd., Lockheed Martin Corporation, HB11 Energy, Marvel Fusion GmbH, and Helion are among the companies highlighted in this research.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is nuclear fusion?
- What will be the CAGR of the global nuclear fusion market?
- Who are the prominent players operating in the nuclear fusion market?
- Which are the driving factors of the nuclear fusion market?
- Which region will lead the global nuclear fusion market?
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