Too many credits offered too soon could flatten prices, research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance finds in new report
New York, 25 September 2012 – California's first allowance auction may overwhelm the state's carbon market by offering too many credits, too abruptly, and too early in the schedule, according to new research from Bloomberg New Energy Finance, the leading provider of news, data, and analysis on clean energy, water, power, and the carbon markets.
Slated for 14 November 2012, the state's first carbon allowance auction may not attract enough buyers to absorb the available supply at prevailing exchange prices. Without strong participation, the auction could cause prices to fall, potentially as low as the $10/t Containment Reserve ‘floor' for certain allowances. The auction is an opportunity for market participants to procure allowances that can be used for compliance in the state's cap-and-trade program, set to kick off on 1 January 2013.
In an ideal world, the auctioning of carbon allowances should be boring. If designed appropriately and carried out in a large and liquid market, a carbon market auction should clear at levels matching the prevailing exchange price and buyers would smoothly absorb the injection of supply. Under ideal circumstances, there would be little difference between buying credits at the auction and buying credits on the traded market.
Conditions in California are far from ideal, however. First, November's auction is very big. The state will issue 61 million allowances on 14 November, equivalent to 38% of California's entire 2013 carbon cap. For comparison, Europe's carbon market, the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) never offers more than 0.2% of its annual cap in a single go.
Second, California's first allowance auction will arrive abruptly, when the market is still in its infancy. Entities are still forming their compliance strategies, and trading activity has yet to take off. For example, open interest for carbon futures contracts (2Mt, as listed on the InterContinental Exchange) pales in comparison to the 61Mt to be injected into the market on November 2012. By comparison, the volume of open interest for carbon market futures in Europe is currently more than 1.09Gt.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly, November 2012 is early, especially since a portion of the allowances that will be auctioned are not valid for use until 2015. The November auction actually consists of two separate auctions: a ‘Current Auction' will feature 22m credits for use in 2013, while an ‘Advance Auction' will offer 39m allowances that cannot be retired until 2015. The Advance Auction is particularly at risk of yielding low clearing prices.
Bloomberg New Energy Finance estimates that demand for California carbon allowances will total 56Mt on 14 November 2012 – enough to keep Current Auction prices near the prevailing exchange price (currently $15/t), but potentially leaving the Advance Auction undersubscribed.
"Very few entities have shown interest in November's Advance Auction", says William Nelson, analyst for North American environmental markets at Bloomberg New Energy Finance. "Most companies are willing to stockpile credits to cover emissions one to two years into the future, whereas there is a four-year span between the November 2012 auction and the date that 2015 allowances are actually due."
If allowances go unsold in November's Advance Auction, clearing prices for the long-dated credits will hit $10/t, and leftover supply will be re-issued in 2015. This would ultimately cut into California Air Resources Board (CARB) revenues. The state budget is counting on raising at least $660m through the three allowance auctions held in the 2012-13 fiscal year, but proceeds could miss that mark if buyers do not materialize on 14 November.
Meanwhile, the focus for most market participants is on November's Current Auction, where they hope to procure credits to cover near-term emissions, which begin to count against California's cap on 1 January 2013.
ABOUT BLOOMBERG NEW ENERGY FINANCE
Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) is the world's leading independent provider of news, data, research and analysis to decision makers in renewable energy, energy smart technologies, carbon markets, carbon capture and storage, and nuclear power. Bloomberg New Energy Finance has a staff of 200, based in London, Washington D.C., New York, Tokyo, Beijing, New Delhi, Singapore, Hong Kong, Sydney, Cape Town, São Paulo and Zurich.
Bloomberg New Energy Finance serves leading investors, corporates and governments around the world. Its Insight Services provide deep market analysis on wind, solar, bioenergy, geothermal, carbon capture and storage, smart grid, energy efficiency, and nuclear power. The group also offers Insight Services for each of the major emerging carbon markets: European, Global Kyoto, Australia, and the U.S., where it covers the planned regional markets as
well as potential federal initiatives and the voluntary carbon market. Bloomberg New Energy Finance's Industry
Intelligence Service provides access to the world's most reliable and comprehensive database of investors and
investments in clean energy and carbon. The News and Briefing Service is the leading global news service focusing
on clean energy investment. The group also undertakes applied research on behalf of clients and runs senior level
New Energy Finance Limited was acquired by Bloomberg L.P. in December 2009, and its services and products are
now owned and distributed by Bloomberg Finance L.P., except that Bloomberg L.P. and its subsidiaries (BLP)
distribute these products in Argentina, Bermuda, China, India, Japan, and Korea. For more information on
Bloomberg New Energy Finance: http://www.bnef.com.
Bloomberg, the global business and financial information and news leader, gives influential decision makers a critical edge by connecting them to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas. The company's strength—delivering data, news and analytics through innovative technology, quickly and accurately—is at the core of the Bloomberg Professional service, which provides real time financial information to more than 300,000 subscribers globally. Bloomberg's enterprise solutions build on the company's core strength, leveraging technology to allow customers to access, integrate, distribute and manage data and information across organizations more efficiently and effectively. Through Bloomberg Law, Bloomberg Government and Bloomberg New Energy Finance, the company provides data, news and analytics to decision makers in industries beyond finance. And Bloomberg News, delivered through the Bloomberg Professional service, television, radio, mobile, the Internet and two magazines, Bloomberg Businessweek and Bloomberg Markets, covers the world with more than 2,300 news and
multimedia professionals at 146 bureaus in 72 countries. Headquartered in New York, Bloomberg employs more than 13,000 people in 185 locations around the world.